The method of hand-making rugs is done by inserting a hook into the weave of the rug’s backing material, and pulling the yarn to create loops. Then, by adding an electric shuttle for the punch or hook, this process was referred to by the name of “rug tufting.

In one hand, and pressing the shuttle using the other hand, the rug-tufting device inserts fiber or recycled materials into backing of the fabric to create loops that are pre-determined lengths. 

The tufted rug device walks through the backing of the rug to create equal length loops while you continue depressing the shuttle. It is designed to use rug yarns or large thin pieces of cut material. 

The tufting device reduces the amount of time needed to create your rug, allowing you to complete your rug faster.


Start with Your Pattern

Transfer your design or hand-drawn pattern to the rug backing material if you didn’t purchase tufting material that has a graphic imprinted.

Use a Tufting Frame

The rug’s backing fabric must be attached to the frame for tufting and secure it tightly. It suspends your rug’s backing and is pulled taut to enable the user to tuft or punch-hook the rug. 

Quilt hoops or embroidery make the process portable, however tabletop tufting frames offer greater control. 

A frame designed to accommodate the dimensions of the entire rug gives access to the entire rug’s dimensions without removing the backing of the frame to alter the position.

Thread Your Rug-Tufting Tool

Thread the rug-tufting tool or punch hook to the color of yarn you want and follow the directions on the tool. Since shuttle-type rug tufting tools vary depending on the manufacturer as well as the way you thread the tool will differ. 

The yarn should be pulled to the opposite side of the tool, keeping it from getting in the way while your work. However, let it loose enough that it is able to feed in the tool.

Utilize the Tufting Tool

Place the tufting tool onto the rug backing in the point where you will begin to work for the yarn’s color in the pattern. Place the rug-tufting tool into one hand, and then press downwards on the shuttle using the other hand. 

When the shuttle retracts it will move to the next spot and you must continue to press downwards on the tufting shuttle while it travels over the backing.

Complete the Rug

Let the yarn tail hang on the backing material as you change the colors. Complete filling the rug using the colors that complement the pattern. Cut any tails you have to the same length as other loops once you’ve completed.

Protect Your Workspace Area

A flat surface can be covered using a plastic or drop cloth. Take the rug off the frame. Then flip it upside down. Apply the rug backing material to the rug’s back using the paintbrush. 

This helps keep the stitches in place and creates a rubberized backing to the rug. Dry it over a period of up to twelve hours.

Spread White Glue

Apply glue using latex to the hemming material rug binding, and then fold it over the edges of the rug in a uniform manner after the backing is dry. 

Begin at the middle of the narrower rug’s edge and work your way on one side and continue to work along the border of the rug. 

To hold the binding material or hem in place while the glue sets, place an object that is heavy, such as an old book to weight it down.

Things You Will Need

  • A hand-drawn or rug pattern
  • “Monk’s cloth” or any other backing material
  • Rug-tufting frame
  • Rug-tufting tool or shuttle hook
  • Rug yarns
  • Plastic sheeting or drop cloth
  • Latex rug backing
  • Paintbrush
  • Rug binding or hemming material
  • 10Latex glue

How Long Does It Take To Make A Tufted Rug?  

Rugs of high quality produced using this method quickly gained popularity on both international and national markets. 

One of the major benefits of this method is the speed: hand-tufted production of a square meter of carpet can take a day using a person who is working on the weave. By hand-tufting, it only takes just two hours.


Be sure to keep your hands away from the bottom that is the backing fabric for your rug while you work with the tool in order to avoid cutting or stabbing yourself by using the device.